Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

Electric Vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular, and there are several types to choose from. Here are some of the most common ones:

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

BEVs are fully electric and don't use a gasoline engine. Instead, they're powered by a rechargeable battery pack. Since they don't emit any tailpipe pollutants, they're classified as zero-emission vehicles.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

HEVs use both a gasoline engine and an electric motor. They can recharge their battery through regenerative braking, which captures energy that would otherwise be lost during braking. This stored energy is then used to help the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

PHEVs are similar to HEVs, but with a larger battery that can be recharged by plugging into the grid. They can run for several dozen miles on electric power alone before the gasoline engine is needed. Once the electric range is exhausted, PHEVs function like traditional hybrids and can run on gasoline.